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dig.r

REBOL [ Title: "DNS protocol" Date: 19-Feb-2005 Author: "VDemong" Email: %vdemongodin--free--fr File: %dig.r Version: 0.0.1 History: "First try" Purpose: { REBOL DIG : Implementation of DNS protocol (RFC 1035) URL is dig://name-server/TYPE/name ans: read dig://ns.thomething.com/SOA/thomething.com ans: read dig://172.30.1.1/PTR/194.252.19.3 ans: read dig::/172.30.1.1/A/noway.myhome.com you can see a list of available TYPEs in cmd-list in beginning of code use ans/to-str to obtain readable answer: >> do %dig.r Script: "DNS protocol" (19-Feb-2005) dig protocol loaded >> ans: read dig://ns.libertysurf.net/SOA/tiscali.fr connecting to: ns.libertysurf.net >> print ans/to-str ;; REQUEST: SOA(6) for tiscali.fr ;; id: 7724 AA: 1 RD: 1 RA: 0 ANSWER(s): 1 AUTHORITY(s): 2 ADDITIONAL(s): 2 ;; ANSWER(s): tiscali.fr. 1800 SOA ns.libertysurf.net. admin-dns.libertysurf.net. 2005021701 1800 900 1209600 1800 ;; AUTHORITY(s) tiscali.fr. 604800 NS ns.libertysurf.net. tiscali.fr. 604800 NS ns2.libertysurf.net. ;; ADDITIONAL(s) ns.libertysurf.net. 1800 A 213.36.80.2 ns2.libertysurf.net. 1800 A 213.36.80.4 >> If you want to extract yourself information look at the structure of objects question,answer,resource and (xxx)-data in code } Category: [protocol] Library: [ level: 'advanced platform: 'all type: [protocol tool] domain: [other-net protocol] tested-under: "Mac OsX" support: %vdemongodin--free--fr license: gpl see-also: none ] ] make root-protocol [ ;; save usefull functions sys-copy: get in system/words 'copy net-log: get in net-utils 'net-log ;; Supported commands cmd-list: sys-copy [ "A/" 1 "address" "NS/" 2 "name server" "CNAME/" 5 "cononical name" "SOA/" 6 "source of authority" "MB/" 7 "mail box" "MG/" 8 "mai group" "MR/" 9 "mail rename" "NULL/" 10 "null" "WKS/" 11 "well know service" "PTR/" 12 "domain name pointer" "HINFO/" 13 "host informatin" "MINFO/" 14 "mailbox information" "MX/" 15 "mail exchange" "TXT/" 16 "text" "ALL/" 255 "all" ] ;; Options recurse?: true ;recursive question ? ;; packet builder question: make object! [ TYPE: sys-copy ["A/" 1 "address"] ID: 0 ; RD: does [ either recurse? [1][0] ] QNAME: sys-copy "" to-str: does [ typ: rejoin [sys-copy/part (first TYPE) (length? first TYPE) - 1 "(" second TYPE ")"] rejoin [";; REQUEST: " typ " for " QNAME ] ] ;;set the value of type set-command: function [cmd [string!]] [blk] [ blk: find cmd-list cmd either blk = none [ TYPE: sys-copy ["A/" 1 "address"] ][ TYPE: sys-copy/part blk 3 ] ] ;build binary data to send packet see insert at the end of this code to-bin: does[ ID: (to-integer now/time) // 65025 ; limit to 2 bytes bin: sys-copy #{} append bin to-char ID / 255 ; first byte append bin to-char ID // 255 ; second byte append bin either recurse? [#{0100}][#{0000}] ; set or unset RD bit append bin #{0001000000000000} ; QDCOUNT =1 ANCOUNT,NSCOUNT,ARCOUNT=0 if "PTR/" = first TYPE [ QNAME: reverse-ip QNAME ; get name in in-addr.arpa domain ] append bin encode QNAME append bin #{00} append bin to-char second TYPE append bin #{0001} ; IN class bin ] ;build reverse IP for PTR request in in-addr.arpa domain reverse-ip: func [ip [string!]][ join reverse to-tuple ip ".in-addr.arpa" ] ;encode qname <domain-name>: length string length string ... 0x00 encode: function[name [string!]] [bin][ bin: sys-copy #{} repeat token parse name "." [ append bin to-char length? token append bin token ] append bin #{00} bin ] ] ;; decoding packet returning this object in copy , see copy at the end of code answer: make object! [ ID: 0 AA: 0 RD: 0 RA: 0 RCODE: 0 ANCOUNT: 0 NSCOUNT: 0 ARCOUNT: 0 error: none ques: none answers: sys-copy [] authoritys: sys-copy [] additionals: sys-copy [] init: function [ data [binary!] ] [pos rep][ decode-header data if error = none [ pos: decode-question data for ind 1 ANCOUNT 1 [ rep: decode-answer data pos pos: first rep append answers second rep ] for ind 1 NSCOUNT 1 [ rep: decode-answer data pos pos: first rep append authoritys second rep ] for ind 1 ARCOUNT 1 [ rep: decode-answer data pos pos: first rep append additionals second rep ] ] ] to-str: does [ either error = none [ str: rejoin [ ques/to-str newline ";; id: " ID " AA: " AA " RD: " RD " RA: " RA " ANSWER(s): " ANCOUNT " AUTHORITY(s): " NSCOUNT " ADDITIONAL(s): " ARCOUNT newline newline ";; ANSWER(s):" newline ] repeat a answers [ append append str a/to-str newline] append str newline append append str ";; AUTHORITY(s)" newline repeat a authoritys [ append append str a/to-str newline] append str newline append append str ";; ADDITIONAL(s)" newline repeat a additionals [ append append str a/to-str newline] str ][ rejoin [ ques/to-str newline ";; id: " ID " AA: " AA " RD: " RD " RA: " RA " ANSWER(s): " ANCOUNT newline newline ";; " error ] ] ] ;; RFC 1035 - 4.1.1 decode-header: func [ data [binary!] ][ ID: get-int16 data 0 flags: get-int16 data 2 AA: shl (mask flags 2#{0000010000000000}) 10 RD: shl (mask flags 2#{0000000100000000}) 8 RA: shl (mask flags 2#{0000000010000000}) 7 RCODE: mask flags 2#{0000000000001111} switch/default RCODE [ 0 [ ANCOUNT: get-int16 data 6 NSCOUNT: get-int16 data 8 ARCOUNT: get-int16 data 10 ] 1 [ error: "1 - Format errror" ] 2 [ error: "2 - Server failure" ] 3 [ error: "3 - Name error" ] 4 [ error: "4 - Not Implemented" ] 5 [ error: "5 - Refused" ] ][ net-error reform ["invalid data RCODE=" RCODE ] ] ] ;shift left shl: func [arg [integer!] len [integer!] ] [ arg / (2 ** len) ] ;mask mask: func [arg [integer!] msk [binary!] ] [ arg and (to-integer msk) ] decode-question: function [ data [binary!] ] [pos rep typ cmd][ ques: make question [] ques/ID: ID ques/RD: RD pos: 12 ; begining of question rep: get-name data pos ques/QNAME: sys-copy/part second rep (length? second rep) - 1 pos: first rep typ: get-int16 data pos cmd: back find cmd-list typ ques/TYPE: sys-copy/part cmd 3 pos + 4 ] ;;RFC 1035 - 4.1.3 and 3.3.Standards RRs decode-answer: function [ data [binary!] pos [integer!] ] [rep ans nam typ cur-pos rdata str count] [ rep: sys-copy [] cur-pos: pos ans: make resource [] nam: get-name data cur-pos cur-pos: first nam ans/name: second nam typ: get-int16 data cur-pos cmd: back find cmd-list typ ans/TYPE: sys-copy/part cmd 3 cur-pos: cur-pos + 4 ; skip CLASS ans/TTL: get-int32 data cur-pos cur-pos: cur-pos + 4 ans/RDLENGTH: get-int16 data cur-pos cur-pos: cur-pos + 2 rdata: none name-case: [ rdata: make name-data [] str: get-name data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/name: second str ] switch typ [ 1 [ ; A rdata: make a-data [] str: get-ip data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/ip: second str ] 2 name-case ;NS 5 name-case ;CNAME 6 [ ; SOA rdata: make soa-data [] str: get-name data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/MNAME: second str str: get-name data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/RNAME: second str rdata/SERIAL: get-int32 data cur-pos cur-pos: cur-pos + 4 rdata/REFRESH: get-int32 data cur-pos cur-pos: cur-pos + 4 rdata/RETRY: get-int32 data cur-pos cur-pos: cur-pos + 4 rdata/EXPIRE: get-int32 data cur-pos cur-pos: cur-pos + 4 rdata/MINIMUM: get-int32 data cur-pos cur-pos: cur-pos + 4 ] 7 name-case ; MB 8 name-case ;MG 9 name-case ;MR 10 [ ; NULL rdata: make garbage-data [] rdata/data: sys-copy/part (at data cur-pos) ans/RDLENGTH cur-pos: cur-pos + ans/RDLENGTH ] 11 [ ; WKS rdata: make wks-data [] str: get-ip data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/ip: second str str: get-proto data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/proto: second str str: get-bitmap data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/bit-map: second str ] 12 name-case ;PTR 13 [ ; HINFO rdata: make hinfo-data [] str: get-string data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/cpu: second str str: get-string data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/os: second str ] 14 [ ; MINFO rdata: make minfo-data [] str: get-name data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/RMAILBOX: second str str: get-name data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/EMAILBOX: second str ] 15 [ ; MX rdata: make mx-data [] rdata/preference: get-int16 data cur-pos cur-pos: cur-pos + 2 str: get-name data cur-pos cur-pos: first str rdata/exchange: second str ] 16 [ ; TXT rdata: make txt-data[] count: 0 until [ str: get-string data cur-pos cur-pos: first str count: count + first str append rdata/datas second str append rdata/datas newline (count >= ans/RDLENGTH) ] ] ] ans/RDATA: rdata append append rep cur-pos ans ] get-int16: func [ data [binary!] pos [integer!] ] [ to-integer sys-copy/part (at data pos + 1) 2 ] get-int32: func [ data [binary!] pos [integer!] ] [ to-integer sys-copy/part (at data pos + 1) 4 ] get-string: function [ data [binary!] pos [integer!] ] [cur-pos ind rep][ rep: sys-copy [] cur-pos: pos + 1 len: to-integer pick data cur-pos str: to-string sys-copy/part (at data cur-pos + 1) len append rep (pos + len + 1) append rep str ] get-name: function [ data [binary!] pos [integer!] ] [cur-pos ptr str rep tmp][ rep: sys-copy [] cur-pos: pos + 1 len: to-integer pick data cur-pos if len = 0 [return append append rep (pos + 1) sys-copy ""] if (to-integer #{C0}) = mask len #{C0} [ ptr: get-int16 data pos ptr: ptr xor (to-integer #{C000}) return append append rep (pos + 2) second get-name data ptr ] str: get-string data pos pos: first str tmp: get-name data pos append append rep first tmp rejoin [second str "." second tmp] ] get-proto: function [ data [binary!] pos [integer!] ] [rep][ rep: sys-copy [] append append rep (pos + 1) pick data pos ] get-bitmap: function [ data [binary!] pos [integer!] ] [rep][ rep: sys-copy [] append append rep (pos + ans/RDLENGTH - 3) (tsys-copy/part (at data pos) (ans/RDLENGTH - 3)) ] get-ip: function [ data [binary!] pos [integer!] ] [rep adr][ rep: sys-copy [] append append rep (pos + 4) (to-tuple sys-copy/part (at data pos + 1) 4) ] ] ;; resource and resource types resource: make object! [ NAME: sys-copy "" TYPE: none TTL: 0 RDLENGTH: 0 RDATA: none to-str: does [ if not (type = none) [ rejoin [NAME TAB TTL TAB sys-copy/part (first TYPE) (length? first TYPE) - 1 TAB RDATA/to-str ] ] ] ] ;; NS CNAME MB MG MR PTR name-data: make object! [ name: sys-copy "" to-str: does [ name] ] ;; TXT txt-data: make object! [ datas: sys-copy "" to-str: does [ datas] ] ;; HINFO hinfo-data: make object! [ cpu: sys-copy "" os: sys-copy "" to-str: does [ rejoin ["cpu: " cpu " os: " os]] ] ;; MINFO minfo-data: make object! [ RMAILBOX: sys-copy "" EMAILBOX: sys-copy "" to-str: does [ rejoin [RMAILBOX " " EMAILBOX] ] ] ;; MX mx-data: make object! [ preference: 0 exchange: sys-copy "" to-str: does [rejoin [preference " " exchange]] ] ;; SOA soa-data: make object! [ MNAME: sys-copy "" RNAME: sys-copy "" SERIAL: 0 REFRESH: 0 RETRY: 0 EXPIRE: 0 MINIMUM: 0 to-str: does [ rejoin [ MNAME " " RNAME " " SERIAL " " REFRESH " " RETRY " " EXPIRE " " MINIMUM ] ] ] ;; A a-data: make object! [ ip: none to-str: does [to-string ip] ] ;; WKS wks-data: make object! [ ip: none proto: 0 bit-map: sys-copy #{00} to-str: does [ str: sys-copy "" append str to-sring ip append str " " append str switch/default proto [ 6 ["tcp"] 17 ["udp"]] [ proto ] append str " " i: 0 repeat byte bit-map [ val: to-integer byte for j 8 1 -1 [ if j = (j and val) [ append str i " " ] i: i + 1 ] ] ] ] ;; NULL garbage-data: make object! [ data: none to-str: does [data] ] ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;;protocol methods and fields scheme: 'dig port-id: 53 port-flags: system/standard/port-flags/pass-thru or 32 open: func [port] [ open-proto/sub-protocol port 'udp if none <> port/target [ insert port port/target ] ] insert: function [port data] [bin][ quest: make question [ QNAME: data ] quest/set-command port/path net-log quest/to-str bin: quest/to-bin write-io port/sub-port bin length? bin ] copy: function [port] [buffer length][ buffer: make binary! 512 until [ length: read-io port/sub-port buffer 512 (length <= 512) ] net-log rejoin ["COPY read " length? buffer " byte(s)"] ans: make answer [] ans/init buffer ans ] read: func [port] [ net-log "READ port" insert port port/target ] net-utils/net-install 'dig self 53 ]
halt ;; to terminate script if DO'ne from webpage
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