Script Library: 1226 scripts
 

compression.r

REBOL [ title: "Various compression algorithms" file: %compression.r author: "Marco Antoniazzi" email: [luce80 AT libero DOT it] date: 14-02-2013 version: 0.0.3 Purpose: "Collect and show various compression algorithms (Huffman, RLE, LZ77, LZSS, LZ78, LZW)." History: [ 0.0.1 [01-01-2013 "Started"] 0.0.2 [12-02-2013 "ok"] 0.0.3 [14-02-2013 "Fixed silly bug in lzw binary! decompress"] ] library: [ level: 'intermediate platform: 'all type: [function tool] domain: [compression] tested-under: [View 2.7.8.3.1] support: none license: 'public-domain ] notes: { I should say that these functions are made slow on pourpose. Any optimization for speed or bits-saving is left as an exercise to the reader ;) Do not esitate to help me improve this script by adding more algorithms. } ] compression: context [ ; some functions taken or partially derived from an article of Ole Friis in www.rebolforces.com alphadigits: "0123456789ABCDEF" enbase: func [value [integer!] /base base-value [integer!] /local result num][ if value = 0 [return "0"] base-value: any [base-value 16] result: copy "" while [value <> 0][ num: mod value base-value insert result any [alphadigits/(num + 1) "0"] value: (value - num) / base-value ] result ] debase: func [value [any-string!] /base base-value [integer!] /local num char pos][ base-value: any [base-value 16] ;FIXME: if 0 <> mod (length? string) base-value [make error! "wrong string length"] num: 0 foreach char value [ if none? pos: find alphadigits uppercase char [break] num: num * base-value + (index? pos) - 1 ] num ] from-base2: func [value][debase/base value 2] to-base2: func [value][enbase/base value 2] bit-pos: 1 bin-result: copy #{} to-bin: func [num][system/words/debase/base to-hex num 16] bits-set: func [num len /local shifted-num result][ ; shift num left to bit-pos shifted-num: shift/left to-integer num 32 - len - bit-pos + 1 ; overwrite dest binary with shifted number result: change bin-result bin-result or to-bin shifted-num ; update bit number and bin-result pos bit-pos: bit-pos + len while [bit-pos > 8] [bit-pos: bit-pos - 8 bin-result: next bin-result] head result ] bits-get: func [len /local mask num][ mask: shift to-integer #{80000000} len - 1 mask: shift/logical mask bit-pos - 1 ; extract bits using mask and then shift them to get the right number num: mask and to-integer copy/part bin-result 4 num: shift/logical num 32 - len - bit-pos + 1 bit-pos: bit-pos + len while [bit-pos > 8] [bit-pos: bit-pos - 8 bin-result: next bin-result] num ] encode-bitstream: func [;author Ole Friis "Encodes a string of 1's and 0's to a binary string" s [string!] "The string of 1's and 0's" /local res byte add-this ][ res: copy #{} forever [ byte: 0 add-this: 128 while [(add-this <> 0) and (not tail? s)] [ if #"1" = first s [byte: byte + add-this] add-this: shift add-this 1 s: next s ] append res to-char byte if tail? s [return res] ] ] decode-bitstream: func [;author Ole Friis "Decodes a binary string into a string of 1's and 0's" s [binary!] "The binary string" /local res next-bit ][ res: copy "" next-bit: 128 while [not tail? s] [ append res either 0 = and~ next-bit to-integer first s ["0"]["1"] next-bit: shift next-bit 1 if next-bit = 0 [next-bit: 128 s: next s] ] res ] huffman: context [ stats: none ; The statistics tree: none ; the Huffman tree codes: none ; the translation table with alphabet symbols and their Huffman code huffman-code: copy "" ; temporary partial Huffman code build_stats: func [ {build a block with all symbols and their count (eg. [2 #"e" 7 #"a" ...])} data [any-string!] "data to analyze" /local char pos ][ stats: copy [] data: as-string data foreach char data [ either pos: find/case stats char [pos/(-1): pos/(-1) + 1][insert insert stats 1 char] ] sort/skip stats 2 ] build_tree: func [ "build the Huffman tree" ; the tree is a list of lists something like: [[[a 3] [[[c 1] [b 1] 2] [e 2] 4] 7]] stats [block!] "The statistics" /local node1 node2 weight new-node temp-list ][ tree: copy [] ; Create a leaf node for each symbol and add it to the tree forskip stats 2 [repend/only tree [second stats first stats]] while [1 < length? tree][ node1: take tree node2: take tree weight: (last node1) + (last node2) new-node: reduce [node1 node2 weight] ; Insert the new node correctly (sorted) in the tree (we could use a bisection) temp-list: head tree while [all [not tail? temp-list (last first temp-list) <= weight]][ temp-list: next temp-list ] insert/only temp-list new-node ] ; Return the top element of the Huffman tree tree: first tree ] build_table: func [ "recursively traverse the huffman tree building a translation table" tree [block!] /local node ][ if block? node: first tree [ append huffman-code "0" build_table node ] either block? node: second tree [ append huffman-code "1" build_table node ][ repend codes [first tree copy huffman-code] ] remove back tail huffman-code make hash! codes ] compress: func [ "Huffman-compress a string series" data [any-string!] "Data to compress" /table block [block!] "The Huffman translation table to use" /to-block "Give result as a block of strings" /local char result code block-result ][ result: copy "" block-result: copy [] block: any [block do [codes: copy [] build_table build_tree build_stats data]] foreach char data [ insert tail result code: select block to-char char ;cannot use path selection because it is case INSENSITIVE (!?) if to-block [insert tail block-result code] ] if to-block [return block-result] result: encode-bitstream result ] to-canonical: func [ "Transform a Huffman translation table to a canonical one" /table block [block!] "The Huffman translation table to use" /local codes-copy canonical-codes current-bit-length new-code ][ codes-copy: copy any [block codes] sort/skip codes-copy 2 canonical-codes: copy [] ;The first symbol in the list gets assigned a codeword which is the same length as the symbol's original codeword but all zeros. This will often be a single zero ('0'). current-bit-length: length? second codes-copy repend canonical-codes [first codes-copy head insert/dup clear "" "0" current-bit-length] new-code: second canonical-codes codes-copy: skip codes-copy 2 forskip codes-copy 2 [ current-bit-length: length? second codes-copy new-code: to-base2 (from-base2 new-code) + 1 if current-bit-length > length? new-code [insert new-code "0"] if current-bit-length > length? new-code [insert tail new-code "0"] repend canonical-codes [first codes-copy new-code] ] make hash! canonical-codes ] decompress: func [ "decompress Huffman encoded block or binary" data [block! binary!] "data to decompress" /tree tree-block [block!] "The Huffman tree to use" /table block [block!] "The Huffman translation table to use" /local result char temp-code node ][ result: copy #{} if block? data [data: rejoin data] if binary? data [data: decode-bitstream data] either block [ while [not tail? data][ temp-code: clear "" char: false while [not char][ append temp-code first+ data char: find/case block temp-code if char [char: first back char] ] append result char ] ][ tree-block: any [tree-block self/tree] while [not tail? data][ node: tree-block until [ node: either (first+ data) = #"0" [first node] [second node] (length? node) = 2 ; a leaf ] append result first node ] ] data: head data result ] ] ; huffman rle: context [ compress: func [ "Run length (aka PackBits) compresses a string series and returns it." data [any-string!] "Data to compress" /local start count char result ][ result: copy #{} while [not tail? data] [ count: 0 start: data char: pick data 1 ; collect a sequence of not equal characters (optionally including some pairs of equals) while [all [any [char <> pick data 2 char <> pick data 3] count < 127]][ count: count + 1 data: next data char: pick data 1 ] if count > 0 [repend result [to-char (count - 1) copy/part start count]] if count = 127 [data: back data] if tail? data [break] count: 0 start: data char: pick data 1 ; collect a sequence of all equal characters while [all [char = pick data 1 count < 128]][ count: count + 1 data: next data ] if count > 1 [repend result [to-char (256 - count + 1) char]] ] data: head data result ] decompress: func [ "decompress a run length (aka PackBits) compressed binary" data [binary!] "Data to decompress" /local char count result ][ result: copy #{} while [not tail? data] [ char: first data case [ char < 128 [ count: 1 + char insert tail result copy/part next data count data: skip data count + 1 ] char > 128 [ insert/dup tail result to-char second data (256 + 1 - char) data: skip data 2 ] char = 128 [ data: skip data 1 ] ] ] data: head data result ] ] ; rle ; utility functions for LZ77 and LZSS shift_window: func [look-ahead-buffer positions][ set look-ahead-buffer skip get look-ahead-buffer positions ] match-length: func [a b /local start][ start: a while [all [a/1 = b/1 not tail? a]][a: next a b: next b] offset? start a ] find_longest_match: func [search data search-buffer-size look-ahead-buffer-size /local pos len off length result][ pos: data length: 0 result: head insert insert clear [] 0 0 while [pos: find/case/reverse pos first data] [ if (off: offset? pos data) > search-buffer-size [break] if (len: match-length pos data) > length [ if len > look-ahead-buffer-size [break] length: len change/part result reduce [off length] 2 ] ] result ] ; lz77: context [ result: copy [] compress: func [ "LZ77 compress a string series" data [any-string!] "data to compress" /to-block "return abstract block" /local look-ahead-buffer look-ahead-buffer-size search-buffer search-buffer-size position length emit ][ clear result look-ahead-buffer: data look-ahead-buffer-size: 15 search-buffer: data search-buffer-size: 255 ; if you increase this you have to change the code to generate binary! accordingly emit: func [pos len char][insert insert insert tail result pos len char] while [not empty? look-ahead-buffer] [ ;go backwards in search buffer to find longest match of the look-ahead buffer set [position length] find_longest_match search-buffer look-ahead-buffer search-buffer-size look-ahead-buffer-size emit position length any [pick look-ahead-buffer length + 1 "^@"] shift_window 'look-ahead-buffer length + 1 ] probe result ; convert to compact binary! unless to-block [ bit-pos: 1 ; reset bit position bin-result: clear head bin-result while [not tail? result] [ either 0 = first result [ insert insert tail bin-result to-char first result third result ][ insert insert insert tail bin-result to-char first result to-char second result third result ] result: skip result 3 ] return copy head bin-result ] copy result ] decompress: func [ "decompress LZ77 encoded binary" data [block! binary!] "String to decompress" /local flag outstring index char out bytes ][ if binary? data [ ;convert back to block ;(obviously we could convert directly to final binary but this is kind of "educational") bit-pos: 1 ; reset bit position bin-result: copy data out: copy [] while [0 < length? bin-result][ flag: first bin-result insert tail out flag either flag != 0 [ insert tail out any [pick bin-result 2 0] insert tail out to-char any [pick bin-result 3 0] bin-result: skip bin-result 3 ][ insert tail out 0 insert tail out to-char second bin-result bin-result: skip bin-result 2 ] ] probe data: out ] out: make binary! length? data foreach [offset length symbol] data [ ;go reverse in previous output by offset characters and copy character wise for length symbols; out: insert out bytes: copy/part skip out negate offset length ; special case for duplicated bytes (encoding reaches look-ahead buffer) if length > offset [ out: insert/dup out bytes (to-integer length / offset) - 1 out: insert out copy/part bytes mod length offset ] out: insert out symbol ] head out ] ] ; lz77 lzss: context [ result: copy [] compress: func [ "LZSS compress a string series" data [any-string!] "data to compress" /to-block "return abstract block" /local look-ahead-buffer look-ahead-buffer-size search-buffer search-buffer-size minimum-match-length position length emit emit-char ][ clear result look-ahead-buffer: data look-ahead-buffer-size: 15 search-buffer: data search-buffer-size: 4095 minimum-match-length: 2 emit: func [flag pos len][insert insert insert tail result flag pos len] emit-char: func [flag char][insert insert tail result flag char] while [not empty? look-ahead-buffer] [ ;go backwards in search buffer to find longest match of the look-ahead buffer set [position length] find_longest_match search-buffer look-ahead-buffer search-buffer-size look-ahead-buffer-size either length > minimum-match-length [ emit 0 position length shift_window 'look-ahead-buffer length ][ emit-char 1 first look-ahead-buffer shift_window 'look-ahead-buffer 1 ] ] probe result ; convert to compact binary! ; (note that the (un)compressed flag is reversed from standard since this simplifies decoding) unless to-block [ bit-pos: 1 ; reset bit position bin-result: clear head bin-result while [not tail? result] [ either 0 = first result [ bits-set 0 1 bits-set second result 12 bits-set third result 4 result: skip result 3 ][ bits-set 1 1 bits-set second result 8 result: skip result 2 ] ] return copy head bin-result ] copy result ] decompress: func [ "decompress LZSS encoded binary" data [block! string! binary!] "data to decompress" /local offset length out flag bytes ][ if string? data [data: to-binary data] if binary? data [ ;convert back to block ;(obviously we could convert directly to final binary but this is kind of "educational") bit-pos: 1 ; reset bit position bin-result: copy data out: copy [] while [0 < length? bin-result][ flag: bits-get 1 insert tail out flag either flag = 0 [ insert tail out bits-get 12 insert tail out bits-get 4 ][ insert tail out to-char bits-get 8 ] ] data: out ] probe data out: make binary! length? data while [not empty? data] [ either 0 = first data [ offset: second data length: third data ;go reverse in previous output by offset characters and copy character wise for length symbols; out: insert out bytes: copy/part skip out negate offset length ; special case for duplicated bytes (encoding reaches look-ahead buffer) if length > offset [ out: insert/dup out bytes (to-integer length / offset) - 1 out: insert out copy/part bytes mod length offset ] data: skip data 3 ][ out: insert out second data ; copy uncompressed character data: skip data 2 ] ] head out ] ] ; lzss lz78: context [ result: copy [] string-table: make hash! [] add_table_entry: func [string][head insert tail string-table string] compress: func [ "LZ78 compress a string" data [any-string!] "String to compress" /to-block "return abstract block" /local bytes byte bytes+byte index emit index_from_string ][ clear result clear string-table emit: func [code char][head insert insert tail result code char] index_from_string: func [string /local pos][(pos: find/case string-table string) either pos [index? pos][0]] bytes: "" foreach byte data [ bytes+byte: join bytes byte either find/case string-table bytes+byte [ bytes: bytes+byte ][ emit index_from_string bytes byte add_table_entry bytes+byte clear bytes ] ] emit index_from_string bytes "" probe result ; convert to compact binary! unless to-block [ bit-pos: 1 ; reset bit position bin-result: clear head bin-result index: 1 forskip result 2 [ bits-set first result to integer! 0.99999 + log-2 index ; this math calcs necessary number of bits bits-set second result 8 index: index + 1 ] return copy head bin-result ] copy result ] decompress: func [ "decompress LZ78 encoded binary" data [block! binary!] "data to decompress" /local outstring index char out emit string_from_index ][ if binary? data [ ;convert back to block ;(obviously we could convert directly to final binary but this is kind of "educational") bit-pos: 1 ; reset bit position bin-result: copy data out: copy [] insert tail out 0 insert tail out to-char bits-get 8 index: 2 while [0 < length? bin-result][ insert tail out bits-get to integer! 0.99999 + log-2 index insert tail out to-char bits-get 8 index: index + 1 ] data: out ] probe data out: make binary! length? data emit: func [string][insert tail out string] string_from_index: func [index][either index > 0 [string-table/(index)][""]] clear string-table forskip data 2 [ ;read pair of index and character from input index: first data char: second data outstring: join string_from_index index char emit outstring add_table_entry outstring ] out ] ] ; lz78 lzw: context [; encoding and decoding algorithms translated from TIFF documentation clearcode: 256 endofinformation: 257 result: copy [] string-table: make hash! [] bit-len: 9 initialize_table: does [ either empty? string-table [ clear head string-table for n 0 255 1 [insert tail string-table to-string to-char n] insert tail string-table clearcode insert tail string-table endofinformation ][ string-table: head clear at string-table 259 ] bit-len: 9 ] compress: func [ "LZW compresses a string series and returns it." data [any-string!] "Data to compress" /to-block "return abstract block" /local bytes byte bytes+byte out add_table_entry emit code_from_string ][ result: clear head result bit-pos: 1 ; reset bit position bin-result: clear head bin-result initialize_table add_table_entry: func [string][ insert tail string-table string switch length? string-table [ 512 [bit-len: 10] 1024 [bit-len: 11] 2048 [bit-len: 12] 4096 [emit clearcode initialize_table] ] ] emit: func [code][ head insert tail result either code > 255 [code][to-char code] ;remove or comment this if you want only binary unless to-block [bits-set code bit-len] ] code_from_string: func [string][(index? find/case string-table string) - 1] ; - 1 because index? is 1 based emit clearcode bytes: "" foreach byte data [ bytes+byte: join bytes byte either find/case string-table bytes+byte [ bytes: bytes+byte ][ emit code_from_string to-string bytes add_table_entry bytes+byte bytes: byte ] ] ; end of for loop emit code_from_string to-string bytes emit endofinformation probe result unless to-block [return copy head bin-result] copy result ] decompress: func [ "Decompress LZW compressed binary" data [block! binary!] "Data to decompress" /local code oldcode out add_table_entry emit is_in_table ][ if binary? data [ bit-pos: 1 ; reset bit position bin-result: copy data bit-len: 9 ] out: make binary! length? data add_table_entry: func [string][ insert tail string-table string switch length? string-table [ 511 [bit-len: 10] 1023 [bit-len: 11] 2047 [bit-len: 12] ] ] emit: func [code][insert tail out code ] is_in_table: func [code][if code < 256 [code: to-string to-char code] any [find/case string-table code code < length? string-table]] get-code: func [][ either block? data [ to-integer first+ data ][ bits-get bit-len ] ] while [(code: get-code) != endofinformation] [ either code = clearcode [ initialize_table code: get-code data if code = endofinformation [break] emit string-table/(code + 1) ][ ; end of clearcode case either is_in_table code [ emit string-table/(code + 1) add_table_entry join string-table/(oldcode + 1) first string-table/(code + 1) ][ outstring: join string-table/(oldcode + 1) first string-table/(oldcode + 1) emit outstring add_table_entry outstring ] ] ; end of not-clearcode case oldcode: code ] ; end of while loop out ] ]; lzw ] ; comment [ do [ string: "abracadabradadadadadadaaaaaaaa" print "^/Huffman compress:" probe string probe stream: compression/huffman/compress/to-block string probe as-string compression/huffman/decompress stream print "^/RLE compress:" probe string probe stream: compression/rle/compress string probe as-string compression/rle/decompress stream print "^/LZ77 compress:" probe string probe stream: compression/lz77/compress string probe as-string compression/lz77/decompress stream print "^/LZSS compress:" probe string probe stream: compression/lzss/compress string probe as-string compression/lzss/decompress stream print "^/LZ78 compress:" probe string probe stream: compression/lz78/compress string probe as-string compression/lz78/decompress stream print "^/LZW compress:" probe string probe stream: compression/lzw/compress string probe as-string compression/lzw/decompress stream halt ]
halt ;; to terminate script if DO'ne from webpage